Gilder lehrman civil war essay contest

It has often given me pleasure to observe that independent America was not composed of detached and distant territories, but that one connected, fertile, widespreading country was the portion of our western sons of liberty.

General U.S. History

Instead, manufacturing was the booming industry in this region and goods were made with machines instead of being grown. Many, indeed, were deceived and deluded, but the great majority of the people reasoned and decided judiciously; and happy they are in reflecting that they did so.

A succession of navigable waters forms a kind of chain round its borders, as if to bind it together; while the most noble rivers in the world, running at convenient distances, present them with highways for the easy communication of friendly aids, and the mutual transportation and exchange of their various commodities.

Touchstone,93— The rifle produced the appalling casualty statistics of Civil War battles. The tragedy was not that it was attempted, but that it failed. It was the first war to bring the full impact of the industrial revolution to bear on the battlefield. It had to conquer an area as large as western Europe, while the Confederacy, like the American patriots during the War of Independence, could lose battle after battle and still win the war, if their opponents tired of the conflict.

In the mild season of peace, with minds unoccupied by other subjects, they passed many months in cool, uninterrupted, and daily consultation; and finally, without having been awed by power, or influenced by any passions except love for their country, they presented and recommended to the people the plan produced by their joint and very unanimous councils.

These principles, of course, had been enunciated by the Founding Fathers, but only with the destruction of slavery could the United States seriously claim to represent to the world the idea of human liberty.

But politicians now appear, who insist that this opinion is erroneous, and that instead of looking for safety and happiness in union, we ought to seek it in a division of the States into distinct confederacies or sovereignties.

But this as was remarked in the foregoing number of this paper is more to be wished than expected, that it may be so considered and Gilder lehrman civil war essay contest. As a nation we have made peace and war; as a nation we have vanquished our common enemies; as a nation we have formed alliances, and made treaties, and entered into various compacts and conventions with foreign states.

Education with Integrity

The culture of abolitionists in the Union vs. With equal pleasure I have as often taken notice that Providence has been pleased to give this one connected country to one united people--a people descended from the same ancestors, speaking the same language, professing the same religion, attached to the same principles of government, very similar in their manners and customs, and who, by their joint counsels, arms, and efforts, fighting side by side throughout a long and bloody war, have nobly established general liberty and independence.

With the overthrow of biracial state governments in the South and the withdrawal of the last federal troops from the region by President Rutherford B.

At Gettysburg, there were nearly fifty thousand dead, wounded, and missing. The war produced a loss of life unprecedented in the American experience. Strictly speaking, suffrage remained a privilege rather than a right, subject to numerous regulations by the states. Slavery Arguably the general consensus is that slavery was the primary cause of the civil war.

The booming manufacturing industry and exports overseas meant that cities were able to grow in northern states and city life becoming the norm of northern society. That they were individually interested in the public liberty and prosperity, and therefore that it was not less their inclination than their duty to recommend only such measures as, after the most mature deliberation, they really thought prudent and advisable.

Gilder Lehrman Essay Contest

Providence has in a particular manner blessed it with a variety of soils and productions, and watered it with innumerable streams, for the delight and accommodation of its inhabitants. The Economy New England states and the climate of The North were largely not suited for farming and so this industry was not embraced.

In that sense, the Civil War is not yet over. This convention composed of men who possessed the confidence of the people, and many of whom had become highly distinguished by their patriotism, virtue and wisdom, in times which tried the minds and hearts of men, undertook the arduous task.

His most recent book, The Fiery Trial: The war took place soon after a revolution in arms manufacture had replaced the traditional musket, accurate at only a short range, with the more modern, and deadly, rifle and bullet. But if the people at large had reason to confide in the men of that Congress, few of whom had been fully tried or generally known, still greater reason have they now to respect the judgment and advice of the convention, for it is well known that some of the most distinguished members of that Congress, who have been since tried and justly approved for patriotism and abilities, and who have grown old in acquiring political information, were also members of this convention, and carried into it their accumulated knowledge and experience.

The rise of chattel slavery meant that slaves could be bought and sold as property and any children the slaves had could become property too. However extraordinary this new doctrine may appear, it nevertheless has its advocates; and certain characters who were much opposed to it formerly, are at present of the number.

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Thus, political leadership was crucial to victory, and Lincoln proved far more successful than his Confederate counterpart, Jefferson Davis, in mobilizing public sentiment. From a philosophical perspective, slave ownership was not consistent with republicanism, a philosophy which held unalienable individual rights and liberty as its key central values.

South Carolina ignored a tax on cotton passed by The North because The South was cotton rich and so South Carolina wondered why they had to listen to such laws that would not affect The North to the same degree, The North hardly growing cotton at all.

The North and The South did trade a significant amount with each other which brought about mutual benefits. Key questions were posed: Nonetheless, Reconstruction witnessed a remarkable political revolution in the South. The South saw Abraham Lincoln as a threat and so argued that they should have the right to secede or leave the United States.

More recently, in the wake of the civil rights revolution of the s, scholars have taken a far more sympathetic approach to Reconstruction, viewing it as an effort, noble if flawed, to create interracial democracy in the South.

Whatever individual motives people had, whether they were based on political ideology or economic motives, millions of men were eager to fight and die. In response, the Republican majority in Congress in enacted its own plan of Reconstruction. The majority of slavery was illegal in The North as it had been outlawed in the 19th century, yet its expansion was rife in southern states.

Southern states had little desire to embrace manufacturing as businesses were based on low cost labour and so supported the right to sell cotton and purchase manufactured items from any country.High School Division. Click on the title to view a pdf of a winning essay.

First Prize. Clarissa Aaron, Kelso High School, Kelso, Washington "Uncle Tom’s Failure" Second Prize. Farukh Saidmuratov, New Dorp High School, Staten Island, New York "Religion - A Dynamic Force in the Civil War".

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The Causes of the American Civil War Essay Example

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Please visit the Gilder Lehrman Institute's new website at dominicgaudious.net This year marks the return of the Dear George Washington Contest (Grades K–2), and the introduction of a new Documentary Film category as part of the Civil War Essay Contest (Grades 6–12).

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Gilder lehrman civil war essay contest
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